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Sleeping Pad R Values

Sleeping Pad R Values

Sleeping Pad Insulation

A sleeping pad’s R-Value measures its ability to insulate you from cold ground and keep you warm. The higher the R value, the more effective it is. Sleeping Pad R value performance testing is done in a 70 F environment with no air movement. As such, it doesn’t reflect many real world conditions where you’d use a sleeping pad, so I recommend that you augment any gear selection that you make with field testing.

If you are interested in sleeping pads for early spring, late autumn or winter conditions, R-Value is additive. When it gets cold, I like to use two pads, a closed cell foam pad and an insulated inflatable one with a combined R-Value of at least 5.

For purposes of backpacking, you also need to factor in weight, comfort, compressibility, and rigidity when you make a sleeping pad selection. In addition, side sleepers may not receive the full R-value of benefit of an inflatable insulated pad because their bodies are not in full with the surface of the pad. This is particularly true for insulated sleeping pads that depend on your body heat to warm them up, including the Therm-a-Rest NeoAir product line, Exped’s DownMats and Big Agnes’ Insulated Pads.

Sleeping Pad R-Value Comparison

The following table provides a side by side comparison of the major sleeping pads available in the US market. The pad weights listed are sized for 72″ long x 20″ wide pads, though there are a few exceptions below. The R-Value of a pad should still remain the same if you select a longer, shorter, or wider variation of the pad. If a sleeping pad has a R-Value of “Not Available”, it’s because the manufacturer has not supplied one or R-value testing has not been performed.

MfgLowest Price (Click)R-ValueWeight (oz)ThicknessType
Big AgnesGreen Ridge1.5172.5Inflatable
Big AgnesAir Core1.5213.25Inflatable
Big AgnesInsulated Aircore4.1223.25Inflatable
Big AgnesDouble Stuffed Double Z 5.8244Inflatable
Big AgnesInsulated Q-Core5274Inflatable
Big AgnesInsulated Q-Core SL4.5173.5Inflatable
Big AgnesDouble Z1.5174Inflatable
Big AgnesTwo Track5.5362Self-Inflating
Big AgnesHinman5.5361.5Self-Inflating
Big AgnesQ-Core SLXNA174.25Inflatable
Big AgnesAir Core UltraNA223.5Inflatable
Big AgnesInsulated Air Core UltraNA233.5Inflatable
KlymitInertia X FrameNA9.11.5Inflatable
KlymitStatic V1.318.12.5Inflatable
KlymitInertia XLNA171.5Inflatable
KlymitInsulated Static V4.4252.5Inflatable
KlymitInertia X-LiteNA6.11.5Inflatable
KlymitInertia O ZoneNA12.21.75Inflatable
KlymitStatic V21.316.332.5Inflatable
KlymitX WaveNA10.51.5Inflatable
KlymitStatic V Luxe1.326.53Inflatable
KlymitInsulated Static V4.4252.5Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitComfort Light Mat1162.5Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitComfort Light Insulated Mat4.220.52.5Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitComfort Plus Mat2.5202.5Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitComfort Plus Insulated Mat525.52.5Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitUltralight Mat0.712.52Inflatable
Sea-to-SummitUltralight Insulated Mat3.315.52Inflatable
Therm-a-RestZ-lite SOL2.6140.75Closed Cell
Therm-a-RestZ Shield1.5120.38Closed Cell
Therm-a-RestProlite Womens3.0171.0Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestNeoAir XLite3.2122.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir XLite Womens3.9122.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir XTherm5.7152.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir XLite Max SV3.2162.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir All Season4.9192.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir Trekker3172.5Inflatable
Therm-a-RestRidgerest Solar3.5190.79Closed Cell
Therm-a-RestRidgerest SOLite2.8141.5Closed Cell
Therma-RestProlite Plus3.4201.5Self-Inflating
Therma-RestProlite Plus Womens4.2201.5Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestNeoAir Venutre WV1.8242Inflatable
Therm-a-RestTrail Pro4302Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestWomens Trail Pro4.8302Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestTrail Lite3.4281.5Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestWomens Trail Lite4.9281.5Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestTrail Scout3.4221Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestRidgeRest Classic2.6140.625Closed Cell
Therm-a-RestNeoAir Dream6664Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir Camper2.2243Inflatable
Therm-a-RestLuxury MAP6.8523Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestEvolite Plus3.2202.5Self-Inflating
Therm-a-RestLair Air2.2322Inflatable
Therm-a-RestNeoAir Voyager2.2232.5Inflatable
ExpedDownmat Lite 54.1212Inflatable
ExpedSynMat Lite 53.823.12Inflatable
ExpedDownmat 75.929.82.8Inflatable
ExpedDownmat UL 75.920.52.8Inflatable
ExpedDownmat 98343.5Inflatable
ExpedSynmat 74.929.92.8Inflatable
ExpedSynmat UL
ExpedSynmat 9625.43.5Inflatable
ExpedSynmat Hyperlite3.312.32.5Inflatable
ExpedSynmat Winterlite4.914.33.5Inflatable
ExpedDownmat Winterlite716.83.5Inflatable
ExpedSynmat 126524.7Inflatable
ExpedSyncell 52.925.62Inflatable
Gossamer Gear2.274.90.75Closed Cell
NEMOAstro LiteNA143.5Inflatable
NEMOAstro InsulatedNA273.5Inflatable
NEMOAstro Insulated LiteNA193.5Inflatable
NEMOCosmo InsulatedNA293.5Inflatable
NEMONomad InsulatedNA606Inflatable
NEMOVector NA173Inflatable
NEMOVector InsulatedNA193Inflatable
NEMOTensor Mummy 20SNA83Inflatable
NEMOTensor InsulatedNA15.73Inflatable
NEMOTensor Field InsulatedNA173Inflatable
REI1.47.50.38Closed Cell

Updated 2017.

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  1. Thanks! The R-value is, like, the most important thing about an air mattress. I know a lot about traditional mattresses but only have a passing familiarity with air mattresses.

  2. Perhaps when they reach a universal testing standard, they will finally evaluate the pads at temperatures lower than 32 degrees. It has recently been shown that the R value in building insulations change with temperature, depending on material.

    They also need to test the pads with a control subject. Side sleeping on an air mattress compresses the middle more, thus reducing the R value in the center of the pad. As far as I know, this isn’t taken into consideration.

  3. Since my last comment I have done lots of research regarding r values and my daughter created a science experiment which received first place.

    We emailed several big name companies to find out more of how they test r values. Most did not respond. Most couldn’t explain how they got their numbers but, Nemo equipment provided us with the hard facts. They used a few different methods to find temperature resistance. Some with hot plate and others with cold. No where do they test in real setting or as extensively as let’s say siding on a garage door, with the wind and other elemental factors. No one ever test with a real person.

    They are trying to have a set standardized test. This is called the EN testing. Still, No natural elements and no human testing to my understanding. I personally don’t think that human testing can be accurate because we vary so much from person to person. There would be more factors to consider. Like are you properly hydrated? Your body temperature before the experiment and have you eaten recently, because we all know this can increase your body’s core temperature.

    In the end my daughter (Alice Alldridge of 5th grade) used a medical water bottle(filled with water), inside a thinly insulated stuffed animal (a koala) starting temperature at 99°. She put the koala on a frozen roasting pan of ice and timed how long it took the koala to suffer from hypothermia of 82°. She tested a Mylar emergency blanket, refletix (reflective bubble wrap) and closed cell foam hiking mat. This may not be high tech but I think it’s a start. In the least to simulate a person being made up of mostly water.

    Thanks for reading my update. I would love to hear your thoughts and read your opinions.

    • Congratulations on your daughter’s project! Sounds like she learned a lot about R value.

      It’ll be a great day when the pad manufacturers let go of their “R-value” claims, and create a consistent comparison method. When the dust settles, people will realize that the air mattress values are totally over-inflated (pun intended). But to prove this, one must create a test where a side keeper is simulated, since there is more weight concentrated in the center of the pad. They also must simulate nighttime body movement, since the R-value of air mattresses is severely impacted by internal convection from any slight movement.
      Finally, the building indrusty has found that R-value changes with temperature. Given most of us would like to be comfortable at a cold air/ground temperature, this must be contemplated as well, for any of these values to offer any reliability in the real world. My understanding is many testing chambers are calibrated at temperatures above freezing. In our world where sleeping below freezing can be a life/death affair, sub-zero R value simulation must be considered.

    • Something from ASTM should be adaptable. Individual differences are of no consideration in the testing method.

  4. Ha! The intro picture is a concrete, high efficiency house built by Walter Jefferies of Sugar Mountain Farms. One of my favorite blogs. I have learned a ton about the corruption in our food supply chain from this man.

  5. Looking for a light weight pad ,with the highest rated value I can get, going camping in Feb. Sleeping on the snow, any ideas ?

    • Michael,

      CCF (closed celled foam) Pads will always offer you the highest (most consistent) R values compared with any mattresses which depend on inflated air to achieve their “warmth”.

      While the X-Therm pad offers a high R value claim, and some folks believe it works well for them in the winter, there are just as many other folks that find it didn’t work well for them in the winter, giving rise to the inconsistency in the R value claims. Speaking from experience, I would NEVER go winter camping without a CCF pad to supplement my air mattress.

      This is especially true if you sleep on your side, since air mattresses R value claims don’t consider side sleeping or any movement on the pad.

      • The R value of the pad doesn’t change if you sleep on your side, you’ll just heat up the interior more slowly.

      • Phillip,

        With all due respect, (with the exception of CCF or rigid insulation) the R value most certainly will change, since the thickness between my body and the ground has changed. (Roger Caffin’s BPL analysis clearly illustrated this back in 2011.)

        The analogy that these pads are being heated up by our body, which in turn is what keeps us warm would be generally referred to as the “thermal mass” of a material. Thermal mass is not the same as an R value measurement, since R value is strictly about a material’s resistance to heat flow (technically the inverse thereof).

        In regards to sleeping pads, I can assure you that the pad’s thermal mass will never be a measurable factor in keeping you warm. (For a good resource on the subject: )

        The bottom line: unless a pad manufacturer CLEARLY INDICATES that their air mattresses stated R value is an average based on a range of testing different thicknesses distortions, then there is no way to accurately determine what happens when one sleeps on their side vs. on their back.

        Take the NeoAir’ older version of the All Season pad: It’s claimed R value is 4.9. in BPL’s testing, it had a measured range of R 6.1 all the way down to R 1.6. If I typically sleep on my side, I should be VERY CONCERNED about the bottom end of this range, since it might be more indicative of what I might actually experience.

        Furthermore, for thick air mattresses, it is crucial to consider the it’s sides, since it is completely exposed to ambient air temperature (which is usually a LOT colder than the ground temp.) Any movement on the pad, and the air will circulate, thus reducing the R value.

        Being in the architecture/building profession, I also wish to offer that emerging studies in the building science profession over the past few years have shown that R value of building products actually change when ambient temperature changes. As excerpted from a Building Science Corporation analysis:

        “Again, all of the polyisocyanurate samples exhibit a significant decrease in thermal performance when the outdoor temperature is colder.”

        This revelation will further cloud any sleeping pad manufacture claims, since they do not test at different temperatures. Here is a link to the study:

        I don’t mean to sound like an alarmist, but I worked in the outdoor retail world for many years (while studying to be an architect), and I watched how pad manufacturers began using R value claims for their marketing purposes (in the mid 90’s thru early 2000’s). Since that same time in the building profession, a lot has changed in the both the understanding and implementation of R-value for various building products.

        While I understand various companies have been discussing it for a while, I have not seen any tangible efforts of “R value standardization” in the outdoor equipment industry. Because of the variables, I would be highly skeptical of any R value claims, especially in relation to mattresses which heavily depend on inflated air for their R value – even different models by the same company.

      • Absolutely, but I the absence of any other metric, it’s what we have. I have been in touch with the people working on more common standard For measuring sleeping pad insulation but it’s slow going as you can imagine.

    • I have the ThermaRest NeoAir XTherm R5.7 and 15oz. That’s hard to beat. I use the NeoAir XLite Womens R3.9 and 12oz for most trips and have found it comfy down to around 29 degrees. But for the extra 3oz, it’s nice to be sure I won’t get cold if the temp drops. It’s expensive but I found it on sale for $50 off. Also, it’s light enough to be a year round pad if you only want one.

  6. I believe – if the pad is compressed more the R value would go down – the insulation value (R value) is due to the small air pockets between you and the cold place – if compressed the pad will be lwss efficient.

  7. If my hip gets cold because it compressed the insulation under it, I’ll probably roll over.

  8. When using 2 pads in the winter, a closed cell foam pad and an insulated inflatable one, which one do you recommend to be placed on the bottom? I’ve read on some other sites that the closed cell pad should be placed atop the inflatable one. What have you found works best for keeping you warmer?

    • Think about it. If it’s an inflatable pad it only heats up if your body is in with it. In other words, foam on the bottom.

      • Technically speaking, you want the pad with the highest “R per inch” closest to you. This means closed cell pads should be closest to your body. Remember, R value is a measurement which represents the “resistance to the flow of heat”. Also, air mattresses are NOTORIOUS for compressing in certain areas, which reduces their R values in those compressed regions. Therefore, by putting a ccf pad on top of an air mattress, the air mattress (and the whole system) will retain a better R value, since compression is more evenly distributed.

        Regarding using your body heat to warm up a pad, there is absolutely no independently verified evidence that any of the shinny stuff inside of Thermarests actually benefits the performance. (It’s really only been proven to reduce solar heat gain – that’s it. That reflective material they use is NOT an insulator whatsoever.)

      • Get yourself an air mattress with primaloft or duck down in it.

      • Wysiwyg Mtwzzyzx

        Matt, mostly correct, but the ‘shiny stuff’ does matter. It certainly cuts radiant heat loss- remember, heat moves three ways- Convection (air transmission), conduction (solid/liquid to solid/liquid transmission), and radiant (why you feel warm in the sun even if air temp low). Now by itself, the shiny stuff won’t help- if you lay on a mylar emergency blanket on the ground, your losses to conduction to the ground and convection to the air will far outweigh whatever benefit you’re getting from the radiant barrier, but it can make a big difference-This is why you can heat a house with radiant floors and keep a lower air temp and still feel comfortable.

        If it’s going to be cold, I suggest adding a mylar blanket into your sleep sandwich (foam pad and/or inflatable, mylar, sleeping bag), as this will help you retain heat if you’re also reducing losses to convection (with the bag) and conduction (with the bag and pad/s). It’s a simple, super lightweight comfort bonus.

      • Wile the radiant floor analogy is good, remember we are the recipients of the radiant heat. It’s a wonderful way to heat a house, but we still need to insulate the home first (if practical)
        In a sleeping bag system, we are the heat source, and must create the best solution for both staying warm enough and dry enough. If we are either above or below the right temperature and humidity range, we will likely not sleep well whatsoever.

        The main issue with reflective foil is there is no scientific and credible proof that it actually helps inside a sleeping system. If reflective foil were to have successfully been proven to reduce radiant heat loss, you’d see all the houses in cold climates be fully wrapped in radiant foil. Again, it has only been proven to reduce solar heat gain – that’s it.
        If one wants to wrap themselves in it during the winter, it would only be marginally effective if it were given an air space between the radiant body (your naked skin), and the reflective foil. Then it would need to be completely sealed (like a vapor barrier), to reduce any unwanted convection, Remeber, the R value of reflective foil is ZERO, and is completely INEFFECTIVE if there isn’t a consistent air gap between itself and the radiant body.

        Here’s a good (and honest) read from a company which actually makes the stuff:

  9. There are some interesting statements and counter statements in this comment thread. In the end it’s the results that matter. Nothing like getting out there with your favorite sleeping pad(s) on the snow and giving it a go!

  10. Please consider looking at Cabela’s Brand Sleeping Pads and adding them to your list. I have used the Cabela’s Ultimate XL Pad and it is better than any therm-a-rest I have ever slept on! They make great tents and gear too.

    jandee (husband/wife :) )

  11. The weight value for Blue Foam in the table is wrong. REI had it listed at 7.5 Oz for full size, but has recently corrected it to around 13 or 14.

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